The Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Commission is concerned with the philosophy and practice of conflict transformation through reconciliation at various levels: personal, interpersonal, community, national and international contexts. Reconciliation is conceived as entailing interrelated dimensions of spiritual, psychological, social, political, legal, economic and ecological transformation. It requires commitment to an ongoing process of relationship transformation and support for structures that enable this transformation to be sustained.
The Commission places a particular focus on the role of reconciliation in transitional justice for mass violation of human rights, reconciliation between indigenous and non-indigenous peoples, and reconciliation and restorative justice in domestic criminal contexts. Understanding different cultural perspectives and worldviews is considered essential for the study of reconciliation theory and its application in practice.